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A skin condition caused by inflammation of the skin is called eczema. As a result of the infection, skin becomes itchy, dry, red, cracked and leathery. It is also known as dermatitis. It is believed that, eczema develop as a result of a genetic defect, which result in abnormal functioning of the skin's barriers. Anyone can get affected by eczema. But, it is more common among young children and infants. In the case of infants, eczemas may resolve by the age of six years in most of them. While in some others, it remains throughout their life.

Signs & symptoms

The main symptom is that, the skin will have an itchy sensation before rash appears in eczema. Other symptoms may include:

  • Chronic, itchy patches
  • Dry and thickened skin of any body part
  • Dry skin patches
  • Broken skin
  • Redness and inflammation on the skin
  • Red or brownish patches on the skin
  • Small, raised bumps in some areas of the skin
  • Blisters and weeping in the inflamed areas

You should consult a doctor if you see any of the above symptoms.


Researchers say that, in most of the people eczema is a genetically inherited condition. External environment and factors make them worse. The main reason that causes eczema is not yet found. Combinations of factors that cause eczema are:

  • Genetics
  • Environment
  • Defects in the skin barrier
  • Unusual functioning of the immune system and
  • Activities that may cause skin to be more sensitive.


Diagnosing eczema is a simple procedure. The doctor will examine the symptoms and your previous medical history. He will also ask you about your family' history of rashes and other allergy related medical conditions. There are no tests to diagnose eczema. Good medical examination will be enough to diagnose eczema.


Mild eczema does not require medical treatments. Modifying the skin care routine and making a few lifestyle changes will be enough for controlling eczema. People with severe eczema may need to take medications to control eczema. There are non-drug treatments and other treatments to cure eczema. Non-drug treatments may include:

  • Short, warm showers: Very hot or very long showers or baths can make the skin dry. So, people with eczema should avoid it.
  • Mild soap and moisturizer: Use soap or soap substitute that won't dry your skin. A good moisturizer can help a person who has eczema.
  • Reduce stress: Regular exercises or yoga can help a person to reduce stress. It can also help in reducing eczema.
Medications for eczema may include:
  • Antihistamines
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Corticosteroids
  • Immunomodulators
  • Immunosuppresants
  • Prescription-strength moisturizers and
  • Ultraviolet light therapy

Your physician can suggest the right medication for you according to your condition.

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